Bolton, A., Edgar, D. W., & Carter, V. (2018). Successful secondary agricultural programs outside the classroom: A view of champions.  Journal of Agricultural Education, 59(2), 255-274


This study sought to identify traits and characteristics of secondary agricultural education programs contributing to success. A three round modified Delphi survey technique was utilized to frame this study.  The researchers utilized purposive sampling to select members for the jury comprised of secondary agricultural instructors identified as high quality (n = 65).  High quality programs were determined based on the results of various activities and competitions a program would participate in including CDEs, LDEs, Agriscience Fair Divisions, State Fair livestock shows, State Officer Elections, and National Chapter Awards.  Data collected identified important factors associated with high performing SAE programs and that students should be actively involved with an SAE project.  Additionally, important factors included that students should experience some kind of personal growth as they develop through a program and that students should be taught and prepared so they are able to take part in both program activities and eventually a career.  The FFA program should be operated so that it is molding students into productive members of society.  The FFA advisor should also be passionate and have a willingness and availability to work with members.  Success does not only rely on instructors but is also dependent upon students.

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