Guffey, K. B., & Young, J. S. (2020). Recruitment and retention of agriculture teachers in the southeast: An empirical analysis of the STAR program. Journal of Agricultural Education, 61(4), 203-213.

This article describes the collaborative efforts of various state and national agencies working
together to recruit and retain agriculture teachers in the states of Kentucky, South Carolina, and Ohio.
We contrast multiple measures of recruitment and retention in these states with those from the
comparator states of Arkansas, West Virginia, and Alabama. The strategies outlined market to new
agriculture teachers and maintain current teachers in the profession targeting work-life balance,
emotional, physical and social health. These have been a focal point in the federal State Teach Ag
Results (STAR) program, but the effects of participation in STAR on recruitment and retention require
additional investigation. Using a difference-in-differences regression model, we assume parallel trends
and no spillovers (SUTVA) between participating and non-participating states in the Southeastern US
and Ohio Valley regions to model changes in multiple measures of recruitment and retention of
agriculture teachers. We find a positive and significant effect of STAR participation on recruitment, an
insignificantly positive effect of participation on retention, and an insignificantly negative impact of
participation on creation of new agricultural positions in public schools. Our results suggest that
recruitment is lagged behind existing positions, which necessitates further work investigating new
policy aimed at filling those positions before creating any new ones.

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