Hainline, M., Burris, S., Ritz, R., & Ulmer, J. (2021). Assessment of educational law in-service needs and perceived competencies of Texas school-based agricultural education teachers. Journal of Agricultural Education, 62(1), 291-311. http://doi.org/10.5032/jae.2021.01291

Litigation in education has drastically risen over past decades, representing the need for teachers to
have a foundational knowledge of the educational laws which govern them. The myriad of educational
law sources and the perpetually changing nature of school law serve as barriers for teachers’
competence in educational law. The purpose of this study was to identify the specific in-service
educational law training needs of Texas school-based agricultural education (SBAE) teachers.
Furthermore, this study sought to determine the effect of background characteristics on teacher’s
perceived competence on educational law issues. An educational law needs assessment was distributed
to a probabilistic sample of Texas SBAE teachers (n = 325). Two-hundred and thirteen teachers
completed the needs assessment, yielding a response rate of 65.5%. The Texas SBAE teachers identified
(1) qualified immunity, (2) search and seizure of students, (3) transportation of students in school and
(4) personal vehicles, and (5) teacher-initiated removal of students as their highest-ranked educational
law in-service needs. The results of a factorial ANOVA indicated the educational law competence of
teachers was significantly different based on the amount of previous educational law training the
teacher had received.

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