A national review of state standards relevant to SBAE teacher performance and program quality


  • Haley Traini Oregon State University
  • Richie Roberts Louisiana State University
  • Ed Osbourne University of Florida
  • Travis Park North Carolina State University
  • Ashley Yopp Florida Department of Education




effective teachers, state standards, teacher expectations, cognitive sensemaking


Because of discrepancies among U.S. states regarding how they assess school-based agricultural education (SBAE) teacher performance and program quality, little knowledge has existed regarding how these differences might influence critical decisions regarding hiring, pay, promotion, and dismissal. In response, the purpose of our study was to examine commonalities and differences in state-level program quality standards of teacher and program performance expectations for SBAE in the U.S. To accomplish this, we analyzed documents containing teacher and program standards used by state SBAE leaders. Using cognitive sensemaking as our lens, we found states that measured SBAE teacher and program standards using a variety of formats and methods, emphasizing teacher engagement in professional development, organization of course syllabi and lesson plans, program safety, and health protocol adherence. We also found little mention of instructional practice as a prominent metric for success and no delineation regarding standards for teachers' years of experience. We discuss the merits of these documents and encourage practitioners to critically examine their intent and use them moving forward.


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Author Biographies

Haley Traini, Oregon State University

Haley Q. Traini is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Agricultural Sciences and Agricultural Education at Oregon State University, 108 Strand Agriculture Hall, Corvallis, OR 97330, haley.traini@oregonstate.edu

Richie Roberts, Louisiana State University

Richie Roberts is an Associate Professor in the Department of Agricultural and Extension Education and Evaluation at Louisiana State University, 101 Julian C. Miller, 110 LSU Union Square, Baton Rouge, LA 70803; roberts3@lsu.edu

Ed Osbourne, University of Florida

Ed Osborne is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Agricultural Education and Communication at the University of Florida, 305 Rolfs Hall, PO Box 110540, Gainesville, FL 32611-0540; ewo@ufl.edu

Travis Park, North Carolina State University

Travis Park is a Professor in the Department of Agriculture and Human Sciences at North Carolina State University, 218 Ricks Hall, 4101 Beryl Road, Raleigh, NC 27695-7606; travis_park@ncsu.edu

Ashley Yopp, Florida Department of Education

Ashley Yopp is the Bureau Chief of Adult & Career Education for The Florida Department of Education, 325 W Gaines St, Tallahassee, FL 32399




How to Cite

Traini, H., Roberts, R., Osbourne, E., Park, T., & Yopp, A. (2023). A national review of state standards relevant to SBAE teacher performance and program quality. Journal of Agricultural Education, 64(1), 46–60. https://doi.org/10.5032/jae.v64i1.29



Journal of Agricultural Education

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